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"Pondering" Lactic Acid Fermentation in making Cheese Ever wonder what happens when you make cheese?   "When Lactococcus lactis is added to milk, the bacterium uses enzymes to produce energy (ATP) from lactose. ... The lactic acid curdles the milk that then separates to form curds, which are used to produce cheese and whey. Curdling the milk is not the bacterium's only role in cheese production."(1) 1. This is the best and simplest description of what happens in the cheese making process.        "... Fermentation is the metabolic process that consumes sugar in the absence of oxygen, and the transformation of these chemical components by microbes produces energy. So – fermentation eats sugar and releases energy. In the case of cheese, fermentation means eating lactose (the sugar in milk) and producing acid. When we think about cheese, the first step in the fermentation process happens when th

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